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  • Writer's pictureJustin Shook

Water Softener Maintenance: Ensuring Prolonged Efficiency and Water Quality

Updated: Sep 29, 2023

Water softeners are a game-changer for homes with hard water. By converting calcium and magnesium ions, which are responsible for the hard water, into sodium ions, these devices ensure that your water is gentle on your appliances, plumbing, and skin. However, like any home appliance, water softeners require regular maintenance to function optimally. This article delves into the essential steps for maintaining your water softener and ensuring it provides quality service for years to come.

1. Understand Your Water Softener

Before diving into maintenance, it's essential to understand your specific unit. Water softeners come in various types, with each having its unique maintenance requirements. Read the manufacturer's manual to get insights into the specific care and troubleshooting tips for your model.

2. Regularly Check Salt Levels

The brine tank of your water softener contains salt, crucial in the ion-exchange process. Periodically check the salt levels — at least once a month. Ensure the tank is at least one-quarter full. If the levels are low, replenish with the salt specified by the manufacturer, whether it's rock, solar, or evaporated salt.

3. Clean the Brine Tank

Even with regular salt replenishment, the brine tank can accumulate sediment and other residues over time. It's a good practice to clean this tank annually.

  • Turn off the softener and disconnect it from the power source.

  • Remove any remaining salt or water.

  • Use soapy water and a long-handled brush to scrub the interior. For stubborn spots, a water-vinegar solution can be useful.

  • Once cleaned, rinse well, replace the salt, and then restore power to the unit.

4. Check for Salt Bridges

Salt bridges can form in your brine tank, especially in humid environments. These bridges prevent the salt from dissolving in the water, which means the resin beads aren't effectively regenerated. You can detect a salt bridge by tapping the salt gently with a broomstick. If it's hard, there's likely a bridge. Gently break it up, being careful not to damage the walls of the tank.

5. Rebedding the Resin Tank

The resin beads inside the softener, responsible for the ion-exchange process, have a limited lifespan. Over time, they can lose their efficiency. Typically, resin beads last up to 10 years. However, if you notice your water getting hard before this time, or if there's a sudden influx of iron in your water, it might be time to replace the resin beads.

6. Cleaning the Resin Bed

Occasionally, iron and other minerals can make their way into the resin bed, reducing its efficiency. Using a water softener cleaner can help rejuvenate the resin beads and prolong their lifespan. Add the cleaner to the brine tank and manually regenerate the resin. Follow the cleaner's instructions and your softener's guidelines for best results.

7. Flush the System Regularly

If your water source has high iron content, it's essential to flush your water softener system regularly. This ensures the removal of any iron trapped in the system, which could affect water quality and softening efficiency.

8. Check for Leaks and Malfunctions

Inspect the unit periodically for any signs of wear, leaks, or malfunctions. Check hoses, connections, and valves for any signs of wear or leakage. Addressing small issues early on can save you from more significant problems down the line.

9. Schedule a Professional Inspection

Even with regular DIY maintenance, it's wise to have a professional inspect and service your water softener every few years. They can catch potential issues and provide a thorough cleaning and optimization of the unit.

10. Stay Updated with Technology

Water softening technology continually evolves. Keep yourself updated with the latest advancements. If your unit is old and requires frequent repairs, it might be more cost-effective in the long run to invest in a newer model with advanced features and better efficiency.


A water softener is a valuable asset in homes with hard water, preventing scale buildup, prolonging the lifespan of appliances, and offering numerous other benefits. Proper maintenance not only ensures the efficiency of the unit but also guarantees that you get quality, softened water consistently. By following the above tips and scheduling regular professional check-ups, you can enjoy the benefits of your water softener for many years.

For expert advice, installation, or servicing of water softeners, reach out to Premium Rooter Plumbing Services. Our team of professionals is committed to ensuring that your home's water is of the highest quality.



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